Governments respond to the threat to national security posed by heavily armed groups of poachers. In South Africa, law enforcement agencies investigate links between poaching syndicates and illicit trade in small arms and light weapons.
At Zimbabwe's Hwange National Park, anti-poaching units that have battled poachers for decades are confronted by new challeges as poaching activity escalates. In what used to be the world's largest wildlife park, Etosha National Park in northern Namibia, rhino poachers a leaving a huge dent on the country's conservation legacy with their recent incursions into the park. ªRhinos became extinct in Mozambique in 2013.
In 2012, the US Fish and Wildlife Services launched Operation Crash, a coordinated nationwide investigation into rhino horn smuggling syndicates. Macon, a small city in north-east Missouri and home to one of the largest exotic animal dealers in the nation, featured prominently in the investigation.
In Asia, the destination market for rhino horns, ivory and other exotic animal products, very little is being done to curb illicit trade in endangered species. We examine the causes.
Number of poaching incidents and arrests.